What Is Alankar?

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Language is a canvas upon which writers and poets paint vivid pictures, evoke emotions, and weave captivating tales. One of the most enchanting techniques employed to embellish language and elevate the aesthetic appeal of literary works is “Alankar.” Derived from the Sanskrit word “alankara,” meaning “ornament” or “decoration,” Alankar is a literary device that enriches the texture of language, lending it a poetic charm that resonates with readers. In this blog, we’ll delve into the art of Alankar, its various forms, and its significance in Indian literature.

What Is Alankar?

Alankar refers to the use of rhetorical figures or poetic devices to enhance the beauty of language and expression in literature. It involves the strategic use of words, phrases, or patterns to create a poetic impact that goes beyond the literal meaning. Alankar adds layers of meaning, imagery, and musicality to the text, making it more captivating and resonant.

Forms Of Alankar

  1. Simile (Upma): A comparison between two distinct objects using “like” or “as,” creating a vivid mental image. For example, “Her laughter was as melodious as a songbird’s trill.”
  2. Metaphor (Rupak): A direct comparison between two unrelated things, implying a hidden similarity. For instance, “His voice is honey, sweetening every word he speaks.”
  3. Personification (Utpreksha): Attributing human qualities or characteristics to non-human entities. “The wind whispered secrets through the rustling leaves.”
  4. Alliteration (Anuprasa): Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of adjacent words. “Silent as a shadow, she slipped through the serene streets.”
  5. Assonance (Samanakshara): Repetition of vowel sounds within words in close proximity. “The pale moon’s rays played on the lake’s face.”
  6. Hyperbole (Atishayokti): Exaggeration for emphasis or effect. “He ran faster than the wind itself.”
  7. Irony (Vyang): Expressing the opposite of what is meant, often to create humor or convey deeper meaning. “The blazing sun greeted us on this chilly winter morning.”

Significance Of Alankar

  1. Aesthetic Appeal: Alankar enhances the aesthetic quality of literature, making it more engaging and visually evocative.
  2. Imagery: It creates vivid mental images, allowing readers to visualize scenes and emotions described in the text.
  3. Emotional Impact: Alankar adds depth and emotional resonance to writing, connecting readers on a profound level.
  4. Memorability: The use of poetic devices makes verses and passages more memorable and quotable.
  5. Rhythmic Flow: Alankar contributes to the rhythmic flow of language, lending a musical quality to the text.


Alankar is the jeweler’s art of adorning words and sentences, transforming language into a captivating tapestry of imagery, emotion, and resonance. Just as ornaments enhance the beauty of a person, Alankar elevates the charm and appeal of literary works, making them a source of delight, inspiration, and contemplation. Whether in classical epics, modern poetry, or everyday conversation, Alankar continues to weave its enchanting magic, reminding us of the intricate artistry that lies within the realm of words.


What Is An Alankar In Music?

An alankara is any pattern of musical decoration a musician or vocalist creates within or across tones, based on ancient musical theories or driven by personal creative choices, in a progression of svaras.

What Are The 5 Alankars?

  • Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni, Sa.
  • Sa-sa, re-re, ga-ga, ma-ma, pa-pa, dha-dha, ni-ni, sa-sa.
  • sa-sa-sa, re-re-re, ga-ga-ga, ma-ma-ma, pa-pa-pa, dha-dha-dha, ni-ni-ni, sa-sa-sa.
  • sa-sa-sa-sa, re-re-re-re, ga-ga-ga-ga, ma-ma-ma-ma, pa-pa-pa-pa, ga-ga-ga-ga, re-re-re-re, sa-sa-sa-sa.

What Is The Meaning Of Alamkara?

Alamkara is a Sanskrit word for ornamentation or decoration. This book examines ornamentation in the context of Indian objects made for use in domestic, courtly, and religious settings.

Why Alankar Is Used?

Alankar, also known as ornaments or adornments, plays a significant role in Hindustani Classical Music, adding depth and artistic expression to compositions.

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