What Is Article 20?

Are you curious to know what is article 20? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about article 20 in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is article 20?

In the intricate web of laws that govern societies, protecting individual rights is a cornerstone of a just and fair legal system. Article 20, an essential provision found in many constitutional frameworks, stands as a safeguard against arbitrary actions and ensures that citizens are shielded from injustice and undue hardships. In this blog, we will delve into the significance of Article 20, its key components, and its role in upholding the principles of justice, equity, and individual freedom.

What Is Article 20?

Article 20 is a constitutional provision that encapsulates several fundamental principles aimed at protecting individuals from certain forms of legal oppression and abuse. While the specifics may vary from one jurisdiction to another, the underlying principles remain consistent in safeguarding the rights of individuals facing criminal charges or legal proceedings.

Key Components Of Article 20

  1. Protection Against Double Jeopardy: One of the core principles of Article 20 is the prohibition of “double jeopardy.” This means that an individual cannot be tried or punished twice for the same offense. If a person has been acquitted or convicted for a particular crime, they cannot be retried for that same offense, preventing the state from subjecting individuals to repeated trials or punishments.
  2. Protection Against Self-Incrimination: Article 20 also safeguards against self-incrimination. It ensures that no person accused of an offense shall be compelled to be a witness against themselves. This means that an individual cannot be forced to provide testimony or evidence that might implicate them in a crime.
  3. Protection from Retroactive Laws: The principle of non-retroactivity ensures that no person shall be subject to a penalty greater than that which might have been inflicted under the law in force at the time of committing the offense. In other words, individuals cannot be punished under laws that did not exist at the time the alleged offense occurred.

The Significance Of Article 20

  1. Preservation of Individual Rights: Article 20 serves as a bulwark protecting the rights and dignity of individuals facing legal proceedings. It ensures that the accused are treated fairly and are not subjected to arbitrary or unjust actions by the state.
  2. Rule of Law and Fairness: By prohibiting double jeopardy, protecting against self-incrimination, and preventing retroactive laws, Article 20 contributes to the maintenance of the rule of law and the principles of fairness within the legal system.
  3. Justice and Accountability: Article 20 holds authorities accountable for respecting the rights of the accused and promotes the administration of justice in a manner that upholds the fundamental principles of equity and due process.


Article 20 stands as a sentinel guarding against potential abuses of power and injustices within legal systems. Its provisions, including protection against double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and retroactive laws, underscore the importance of individual rights and due process in a just society. By upholding these principles, Article 20 contributes to the bedrock of a fair legal system, ensuring that the accused are treated with dignity, that the innocent are not unfairly punished, and that justice is administered in a transparent and equitable manner.


What Is The 20 Article?

Article 20 of the Constitution provides for the protection in respect of conviction for offences. No one can be convicted for an act that was not an offence at the time of its commission, and no one can be given punishment greater than what was provided in the law prevalent at the time of its commission.

What Is Article 20 Called And Why?

Commonly known as the “Lame Duck Amendment,” the Twentieth Amendment was designed to remove the excessively long period of time a defeated president or member of Congress would continue to serve after his or her failed bid for reelection.

What Is The Article 20 First?

Article 20(1) of the Indian Constitution prohibits Ex Post Facto laws. The expression ‘Ex Post Facto Law means “a law, which imposes penalties or convictions on the acts already done and increases the penalty for such acts”. In other words, Ex Post Faco Law, imposes penalties retrospectively.

What Is Article 20 Of Human Rights?

Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

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