What Is Segregation In Concrete?

Are you curious to know what is segregation in concrete? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about segregation in concrete in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is segregation in concrete?

Segregation is a common issue that can occur during the placement and handling of concrete. It refers to the separation of the different components of the mixture, such as cement, water, aggregates, and admixtures, which can result in an uneven distribution of these materials in the finished product. In this blog, we will discuss in detail what segregation in concrete is, its causes, and how to prevent it.

What Is Segregation In Concrete?

Segregation in concrete is the separation of its components, such as cement, water, aggregates, and admixtures, during handling, transportation, and placement. This results in an uneven distribution of these materials, which can compromise the strength and durability of the finished product.

Causes Of Segregation In Concrete

There are several factors that can contribute to segregation in concrete, including:

  • Overworking – Overworking of concrete during placement can cause the heavier components of the mixture to sink to the bottom and the lighter components to rise to the top, resulting in segregation.
  • Improper Mixing – Insufficient or improper mixing of the components can result in non-uniform distribution and lead to segregation.
  • Vibration – Excessive vibration during the placement of concrete can cause the heavier components to sink and the lighter components to rise, leading to segregation.
  • Inadequate Support – Inadequate support or a lack of proper formwork can cause the concrete to flow outwards and result in segregation.
  • Long Transportation Time – During long transportation time, concrete can undergo settlement, which can lead to segregation.

How To Prevent Segregation In Concrete?

  • Proper Mixing – Ensure that the components of concrete are mixed properly and in the correct proportion to avoid segregation.
  • Control Water Content – Control the water content of concrete and avoid adding excess water, which can result in segregation.
  • Use Appropriate Aggregate Size – Use an appropriate aggregate size to ensure uniform distribution and minimize segregation.
  • Adequate Support – Provide adequate support and formwork to prevent the concrete from flowing outwards and causing segregation.
  • Avoid Overworking – Avoid overworking of the concrete during placement to prevent segregation.


Segregation in concrete is a common issue that can occur during the handling, transportation, and placement of the mixture. It is caused by factors such as overworking, improper mixing, and inadequate support. To prevent segregation, it’s important to mix the components properly, control the water content, use an appropriate aggregate size, provide adequate support, and avoid overworking. By taking these steps, you can ensure that your concrete is of high quality and will last for many years to come.


What Do You Mean By Segregation Of Concrete?

It is defined as the breaking up of cohesion (separation of concrete aggregate) in a mass of concrete. It results in honey-combing, a decrease in density, and ultimately loss of strength of hardened concrete.

What Is Segregation And Bleeding In Concrete?

What is bleeding in concrete? Segregation occurs when the principal ingredients in a concrete mix – in other words, gravel aggregate, cement, and water – separate prior to and during the curing process. Moreover, Segregation causes excessive amounts of water to rise to the surface. This process is known as bleeding.

What Are The Types Of Segregation Of Concrete?

There are two forms of segregation in concrete:

  • Segregation due to the Separation of Aggregates. 
  • Segregation due to the Separation of Cement Slurry.

What Is Segregation In Concrete How Do You Prevent It?

The preventive measures of the segregation of concrete are discussed below:

  1. Proper Mixing of Concrete. The concrete should be mixed properly in the concrete mixer before it is discharged. 
  2. Water-cement Ratio. 
  3. Proper Proportioning of Concrete during Concrete Mix Design. 
  4. Pouring Height. 
  5. Shortest Route.


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